Defining The Issues:Nationally and In Maine
•There are 1.35 million children experiencing homelessness during a year in the US (NCFH, 2002).
• More than 500,000 children live outside of their homes due to child welfare concerns across the country (American Academy of Pediatrics,2000).
•More than 106,000 teens are in U.S. juvenile facilities on an average day (Crown, 2002).
School Disruption: Spiraling Out of Control,US Figures
•15 to 18% ofschool-aged children changed residence from the previous year.
•Nearly 12 million children changed their place of residence from 1999 to 2000
•Approximately 30% of children in low-income families change schools annually versus 8% of children in families well above poverty level. (2004 U.S. Census)
School Disruption: Spiraling Out of Control,US Figures on Poverty and Housing
•The 2008 Federal Poverty Level(FPL) is $21,200 for a family of four, $17,600 for a family of three, and $14,000 for a family of two. (US Federal Register, 2008. Volume 23, #15)
•On average, families need an income twice as high as the Federal Poverty Level to meet their most basic needs. (Cauthen, 2006).
•One in seven US households – 37.3 million – has severe housing cost burdens. Most of these households (78%) are in the bottom quarter of the income distribution (earning $23,000 or lessannually). (Joint Center for Housing Studies of Harvard University, 2007).
School Disruption:Homeless Youth Impact on Education
•26% to 40% of youth in fostercare repeated one or more grades nationally (Muskie Institute)
•Homeless children are twice as likely to repeat a grade, because of frequent absences (Better Homes Fund,1999). Within a year:
–41% attend two different schools
–28% attend three or more different schools
•20% of homeless children do notattend school (Better Homes Fund, 1999).
Impact on Education in Maine
•Following 76 youth from 5 school districts over a 16 month period, 84 disruptions occurred.
–Only 66% of these youth were promoted to the next grade----compared to a promotion rate of 97% for secondary youth in Maine. (Keeping Maine’s Children Connected study, Muskie, 2006)